Scheme for main clauses

In the scheme the sentence is divided in to three parts: forfelt, midtfelt and sluttfelt.

You will find some letters here that are a kind of codes. 

To benefit from this scheme, you need some basic knowledge about different sentence elements.

The small “v” is the place for verbs in present tense and past tense.

At the small “n”  you can only find the subject.

The small “a” is the place for sentence adverbials.

At the big “V”  you can find either verbs in infinitive or participle.

The big “N”  is the place for direct and indirect objects.

Finally, the big “A” is where we can place adverbials.

 

FORFELT MIDTFELT SLUTTFELT
  v n a V N A
subject

 

present subject   infinitive indirecte

object

adverbial
adverbial past   sentence adverbial participle object  
object

 

           
 

I dag

 

kan

 

jeg

 

ikke

 

spise

 

sjokolade.

 
 

Jeg

 

kan

   

ikke

 

spise

 

sjokolade

 

i dag.

 

Sjokolade

 kan  jeg  ikke  spise    i dag.

The subject is often placed first in a main clause, but the main clause can also begin with other parts of the sentence as adverbials and objects. When the main clause starts with other parts than the subject, the order of the subject and verb is reversed and the subject will be placed third in the clause.

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