Present perfect tense

How to make and use present perfect in Norwegian.

Present perfect tense of Norwegian verbs consist of an auxiliary plus past participle.

 HOW TO MAKE  PRESENT PERFECT TENSE OF REGULAR VERBS?

 1) Verbs ending at a   /et    in the past tense keep the same ending in past participle.

Use the auxiliary har , add the past tense and you will get present perfect tense.

Infinitive Present Past tense Perfect tense
å jobbe jobber jobbet har jobbet

 

2) Verb ending at te/de/dde  lose the e    in present perfect tense. What you do is to take the past tense, remove the e and you get the past participle. Add the auxiliary “har”    and you get the present perfect tense.

Infinitive Present Past tense Perfect tense
å spise spiser spiste (remove e) har spist
å prøve prøver prøvde(remove e) har prøvd
å bo bor bodde (remove e) har bodd

 

 IRREGULAR VERBS

When it comes to the present perfect tense of irregular verbs you have to learn each of them.

 

THE USE OF PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

1) The present perfect tense is used to express an event which happened in the past, without fixing it in time.

   “Jeg har spist” ( I have eaten.)

 2) The present perfect tense is used for an action in the past with a result now.

   “Vi har kjøpt en ny bil” (We have bought a new car.)

 3) The present perfect tense is used for actions that began in the past, continue up to and including the present moment.

   “Jeg har bodd i Norge i 2 år.” (I have been living in Norway for 2 years.)

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