Infinitive

A short introduction to the infinitive form in Norwegian.

How to use the infinitive form in Norwegian.

Infinitive is a form that does not appear in a specific tense or time. The infinitive form only tells about the action. Therefore we always have to combine the infinitive form with another tense.

Most Norwegian infinitives end in a vowel, except a few infinitives of s-verb.

(å lese, å spise, å snakke, å synes  )

The infinitive marker is “å  ” (to)

 

You can use the infinitive form in two different ways:

1) You can use the infinitive form after a verb in another tense. If the first verb is in present tense, the next one will have to be in infinitive.

Jeg liker  å lese  avisen ( I like  to read  the newspaper)

 

2) You have to use the infinitive form without “å” after modal auxiliaries. The five most common modal auxiliaries in Norwegian are: kunne, ville, skulle, måtte, burde  .

Jeg må spise  fisk (I must eat  fish(/I have to eat fish)

Han kan  lese norsk (He can  read  Norwegian/He is able to read Norwegian)

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