A short introduction to the infinitive form in Norwegian.
How to use the infinitive form in Norwegian.
Infinitive is a form that does not appear in a specific tense or time. The infinitive form only tells about the action. Therefore we always have to combine the infinitive form with another tense.
Most Norwegian infinitives end in a vowel, except a few infinitives of s-verb.
(å lese, å spise, å snakke, å synes )
The infinitive marker is “å ” (to)
You can use the infinitive form in two different ways:
1) You can use the infinitive form after a verb in another tense. If the first verb is in present tense, the next one will have to be in infinitive.
Jeg liker å lese avisen ( I like to read the newspaper)
2) You have to use the infinitive form without “å” after modal auxiliaries. The five most common modal auxiliaries in Norwegian are: kunne, ville, skulle, måtte, burde .
Jeg må spise fisk (I must eat fish(/I have to eat fish)
Han kan lese norsk (He can read Norwegian/He is able to read Norwegian)